You will be aware now probably of the plastic problem and the impacts its having. Its everywhere in our Homes, our streets, our beaches, countryside and in our oceans. Most of life on earth exists in our Oceans 70 percent of our planets surface is water. Our oceans hold the planet together regulating climate and temperature if you understand that then you will understand why we need to look after her.
Plastics in the environment and in the oceans are a devastating problem and its affecting the marine food web in huge ways. The most common plastic you hear alot of is micro-plastics things like plastic cutlery, bottle tops, plastic bottles, coffee cups,polystyrene i could go on.
Their are other types of plastics you may not be aware of ,
Microfibres……These are bits of garments of clothing when washed in your washing machine,
Nano plastics….Tiny plastic particles
Fragments….Small pieces that have broken from bigger pieces
Nurdles….Small plastic pellets the size of lentils washed up on beaches
Foam…polystyrene of take-away boxes
Shockingly there is between 4.8 to 12 million tonnes of plastic goes into our oceans each year she is not a trash can, we really need to ask ourselves ” WHAT THE HELL ARE WE DOING”
When trash gets in the Ocean it will overtime due to currents, sunshine and wind start to break apart as it breaks apart into little pieces animals mistake it for food. Their are tiny little animals called Krill and Plankton only visible through a microscopic lens that are eating our Trash this will then work its way through the food web. Large Marine animals like Whale sharks and basking sharks are filter feeders they eat the krill and plankton and have been found with plastics in their intestines. fish eat the krill and plankton, then the bigger fish eat the little fish this process works its way to the top reaching us so if you eat fish you may have unknowingly eaten plastic.
Basking shark Whaleshark
Sadly also plastics have been found in the deepest parts of our oceans, what people or i find most with youngsters is they dont seem to understand is their are toxic chemicals in plastics that litter our environments and oceans.
Plastic bottles are typically made of PET (POLYETHYLENE TEREPHAHLATE this requires an enormous amount of fossil fuel, example it takes a quarter of a litre of oil to produce one litre water bottle. When the plastic starts to break apart animals mistake it food if its floating make homes on it either way toxins will affect them.
Bottled water companies make millions globally. In most countries tap water is safe to drink but if you do have to buy bottled water maybe buy the bigger bottles to reduce the plastic.
Its been proven because blood tests done on various animals that toxins are affecting them. Animals that have had to have a post mortem done have been found to have plastics in their intestines.
Fishing equipment ie- ropes, fishing line are now made from plastic so when lost at sea causes entanglements. Seals pay a heavy price so do whales. Seals get it stuck around their necks and it cuts into their skin. Whales get it stuck around their taill flukes and trails behind them.
The most disturbing problem of plastics in our oceans are the animals that are ingesting it, getting entangled in it and suffocation.This doesn’t just affect the animals in the oceans it effects the the other marine life on land it effects the whole entire ocean eco-systems.
An animal will starve to death if it has a stomach full of plastic.
Our actions are having devastating consequences, attitudes need to change, education has to be implemented also behaviours on the beach must change their needs to be a greater awareness of respect REMEMBER NO OCEAN NO US ITS THAT SIMPLE.
Our planets biggest challenge is us the HUMAN BEING ITS US THAT NEEDS TO CHANGE
WE HAVE THE POWER AND THE KNOWLEDGE TO CHANGE THE FUTURE FOR THE BETTER ITS UP TO US